Grants

The lifecycle of grants and cooperative agreements consists of four phases: Pre-Award, Award, Post-Award, and Close Out.

Grants process cycle: from pre-award, to award, to post-ward to close-out.

Pre-Award

The Pre-Award phase begins with the announcement of funding opportunities for grants and involves the preparation, submission, and review of proposals to those announcements.

  • Search — Search for grants and cooperative agreements 
  • Apply — Apply for a grant at Grants.gov
  • Review — NIFA reviews your application

Award

The Award phase involves making funding decisions and notifying awardees of their selection for a grant.

  • Response — Applicants are notified of the funding decision
  • Processing — NIFA reviews, approves, and sends award documents to awardees  

Post-Award

The Post-Award phase involves setting up accounts in the financial payment system and monitoring awardees for compliance with applicable laws, regulations, policies, and submission of required reports.

  • Payments — Awardee sets up an account in the Automated Standard Application for Payments (ASAP) system to receive funding
  • Monitoring — Awardee and NIFA each monitor grant activities to ensure compliance with specific program policies, regulations, and required reporting, including annual accomplishments reports

Close Out

The close-out phase of the grant lifecycle involves the submission, review, and approval of all final reports as required by specific program policies and regulations.

  • Reporting — Awardee submits the final federal financial report and final technical report
  • Review and Approval — NIFA reviews and approves final financial and technical reports for regulatory compliance and quality of final technical accomplishment descriptions