Agriculture systems and technology

3-D Crop Imaging Helps Farmers Estimate Plant Height

Drones may soon help plant breeders and agronomists save time and money.

Pumpkin Genomes Sequenced, Reveals Uncommon Evolutionary History

For some, pumpkins conjure carved Halloween decorations, but for many people around the world, these gourds provide nutrition.

This is Not Your Grandfather’s Weed Eater

A multi-disciplinary team at Central State University (CSU) are using NIFA Capacity Building Grant funds to develop new weed control technology that vanquishes the pesky plants with directed light energy.

Wine, Water and California

In San Joaquin Valley, California, researchers are investigating the benefits of using machines to manage growth and production of wine grape vines.

From Slime to Fuel and Medicine

Plant biologists and biochemists from University of California at Berkeley and other partners have produced a gold mine of data by sequencing the genome of a type of green algae called Chromochloris zofingiensis (C. zofingiensis) with funding from NIFA’s Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) grant program.

Making a Refuge for Crops

A study at North Carolina State University (NCSU) revealed a significant shortfall in the amount of refuge cropland being planted in North Carolina, likely increasing the rate at which pests evolve the ability to eat Bt crops.

Strawberry Fields Forever

"The Favored Strawberry" is a new documentary that highlights the immigrants, scientists, and extension specialists whose work affects all aspects of strawberry production. The film, overseen by the University of Arkansas, is part of the National Strawberry Sustainability Initiative.

Nano-Engineered Surface Guards Against Biofouling

Microbes colonize every natural or artificial surface on Earth. In some cases, these microbial communities (known as “biofilms”) can be benign. However, most biofilms are undesirable: they corrode surfaces (from teeth to oil pipes), and serve as a refuge for pathogens. Learning to prevent or disrupt biofilms, and thus minimize their undesirable impacts, remains one of the goals of industrial microbiology. NIFA supports this research through the Agriculture and Food and Research Initiative.

eDNA Tool Detects Invasive Clams Before They Become a Nuisance

The University of Illinois-led team of Rice University, University of Notre Dame, and University of Nevada at Reno used environmental DNA (eDNA) to detect invasive clams in California and Nevada lakes.

Parasitoids May Control Emerald Ash Borer Population

Researches at University of Kentucky’s Forest Entomology Lab have discovered a closely related native ash borer species that is kept in check by natural enemies, parasitoids. Researchers are investigating whether the native parasitoid can discover and control the invasive emerald ash borer.