Agriculture systems and technology
Computing the End of E. Coli Contamination
Researchers at the University of Maryland (UMD) developed the first dynamic systems model to understand the pathway of E. coli in leafy green production. This model simulates the effects of soil, irrigation, cattle, wild pigs, and rainfall on a hypothetical farm.
New Discovery, More Bees Mark Michigan’s First Full Bee Census
The first complete bee census, led by Michigan State University scientists, confirmed a new species and revealed that the actual number of bee species in Michigan exceeded earlier estimates.
Native Plants and Crop Diseases
A new study proves that a common wheat virus can harm native grasses. With Agriculture and Food Research Initiative funding, researchers from Michigan State University, University of Kansas, and University of Virginia revealed the need for a better understanding of virus ecology to help protect native plants from crop diseases.
The Honeycrisp Apple’s Family Tree
Since its release in 1991, the origins of the Honeycrisp apple have been a mystery. Originally billed as the child of Macoun and Honeygold, researchers quickly discovered that neither of these varieties were the parents of Minnesota's favorite apple. Twenty-six years later, Nick Howard discovered the true lineage of the Honeycrisp apple.
Two New Wheat Viruses Found in Oklahoma
Plant viruses are one of the leading causes of yield losses in wheat and other crops. Wheat is the leading crop in Oklahoma and garners more than $600 million in revenue to the state. To help farmers recognize the symptoms of plant viruses, University of Tulsa Plant Virologist/Plant Pathologist Dr. Akhtar Ali led a project to catalog viruses found on Oklahoma wheat.
Florida Takes a Bite out of Conehead Termites
An invasive termite in Southeastern Florida is losing its grip on the area, thanks to successful eradication efforts by a multi-agency working group.
Ornamental Fish Food
Ornamental aquarium fish like the clownfish Nemo and his pal the royal blue tang Dory one day may be dining on high-quality yet inexpensive white worms grown in New England.
Support of Farmers Markets throughout the United States
The Center for Agriculture and Food Systems at Vermont Law School, Farmers Market Coalition, and Northeast Organic Farming Association of Vermont (NOFA-VT) launched an online Farmers Market Legal Toolkit.
Lemongrass Oil Being Used as a Natural Approach to Combat Harmful Bacteria on Goat Meat
The recent outbreak of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in romaine lettuce has become a multistate issue, with some cases reported in Georgia. To help prevent such illnesses, an antibacterial essential oil could be the solution to inactivating E. coli and other foodborne pathogens.
CRISPR Mushrooms Coming Soon
Plant pathologist Yinong Yang at Penn State University used the versatile gene-editing tool called CRISPR-Cas9 to design a button mushroom that resists browning and may have a longer shelf life.