Animal health and production and animal products
Bees and Trees
A University of Kentucky (UK) entomology doctoral student, Bernadette Mach, has developed a list of bee-friendly trees and shrubs for the Ohio Valley region. The list can help homeowners find the right plants for their yards to help conserve bees.
A Multistate Hive Mind of Research
Bees provide essential pollination for many of the nut, berry, fruit, vegetable, and seed crops grown in the U.S. To supplement wild bee pollination, farmers often rent managed honey bee colonies. Demand is skyrocketing, but catastrophic die-offs are threatening the supply of healthy honey bee colonies.
Almonds, Wildflowers, Bees, Oh My!
Some almond growers have started planting wildflowers on the edges of managed fields as a way to help bees do their jobs in the face of pollinator pressures. There are, however concerns that the wildflowers may pull valuable pollination services away from the almond crops. New research reveals that almond growers can put this particular concern aside.
What Wild Bees Need
A new national assessment estimates that wild bees declined in 23 percent of the contiguous United States between 2008 and 2013. The team of Project ICP researchers, led by Insu Koh at the University of Vermont, found that the decline was generally associated with conversion of natural habitats to row crops. Areas of intense agriculture (e.g., the Midwest Corn Belt and the Central Valley of California) have among the lowest levels of predicted wild bee abundance.
Hot Cities Spell Bad News for Bees
As urban temperatures increase, common wild bee species decline, according to a new study from North Carolina State University. This study was funded by NIFA's Agriculture Food Research Initiative (AFRI).
Impacts of Stress on Animal Welfare and Performance
Environmental and management conditions can stress livestock and impair their health.
South Dakota and Livestock
South Dakota State University (SDSU) Extension provides training two or three times a year for federal and state water pollution and control programs. The training sessions include topics on livestock production, manure management, and land application practices.
Sweet Corn May Improve Animal Vaccines
Researchers at Purdue University in Indiana discovered another possible adjuvant in teeny, tiny nanoparticles derived from a variety of sweet corn. They found that the new adjuvant stimulates the immune response and has a much briefer period of inflammation that eventually disappears. NIFA supports the research through the Hatch Act.
New Hampshire's Bees
The New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station recently completed a study of the state’s local bee population and discovered more than 100 bee species, including 20 that were previously undocumented in the state.
The Link Between Pig Production and Quality
With NIFA funding, researchers at North Carolina A&T State University examined how different production systems affect the growth rate and meat quality of different breeds of pigs, including pure Berkshire pigs Hereford, Tamworth, and crossbred pigs.