Plant health, production, and products
CRISPR/Cas Technology Could Enable Early Diagnosis of Devastating Citrus Disease
Penn State University and USDA scientists have used cutting-edge CRISPR/Cas technology to develop a diagnostic test that could enable early diagnosis of Huanglongbing or citrus greening, a serious disease that threatens worldwide citrus production, which is valued at roughly $17 billion from the sale of fresh fruit and juices.
Scientists Make Wheat Gene Discovery
A gene discovery in a wheat variety developed at Oklahoma State University (OSU) could mean larger yields for Oklahoma wheat producers.
Golf Course Turfgrass Species 'Remembers' if it was Mowed, Develops Differently
Poa annua, or annual bluegrass, a turfgrass species commonly found on golf course putting greens around the world, possesses transgenerational memory, “remembering” whether its parent was mowed or not mowed, according to a new study by Penn State researchers.
OSU Forms Food Industry Consortium to Advance Commercialization of Ultra-Shear Technology
Researchers at The Ohio State University’s (OSU) College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) have created a university-industry consortium to further the development of and provide access to the licensing of a new, innovative manufacturing technology that preserves foods and beverages using wholesome, recognizable ingredients; no artificial preservatives; and reduced heat.
Genome Sequenced for Pesky Pumpkin Pathogen
Pumpkin growers dread the tiny tan scabs that form on their fruit, each lesion a telltale sign of bacterial spot disease.
Researchers Discover Biomarkers Needed to Help Peanuts Beat the Heat
Heat stress caused by climate change is threatening to reduce peanut crop yields. A group of researchers led by Clemson University Plant and Environmental Sciences Assistant Professor Sruthi Narayanan is working to develop heat-tolerant peanut varieties they hope will help maintain peanut production and profitability.
Newly Discovered Trait Helps Plants Grow Deeper Roots in Dry, Compacted Soils
A previously unknown root trait allows some cereal plants to grow deeper roots capable of punching through dry, hard, compacted soils, according to Penn State University researchers, who suggest that harnessing the inherited characteristic could lead to crops better able to deal with a changing climate.
No-Till Practices in Vulnerable Areas Significantly Reduce Soil Erosion
Soil erosion is a major challenge in agricultural production. It affects soil quality and carries nutrient sediments that pollute waterways. While soil erosion is a naturally occurring process, agricultural activities such as conventional tilling exacerbate it. Farmers implementing no-till practices can significantly reduce soil erosion rates, a new University of Illinois study shows.
Delicious and Disease-free: Scientists Attempting New Citrus Varieties
University of California Riverside (UCR) scientists are betting an ancient solution will solve citrus growers’ biggest problem by breeding new fruits with natural resistance to a deadly tree disease.
Team IDs Differences in Gene-Related Activity Between Ancient, Modern Corn
Roughly 9,000 years ago, Native American farmers in southern Mexico began domesticating teosinte, the wild ancestor of modern corn. Whereas the ancient teosinte plant produces hundreds of slender, thumb-length ears with no more than a dozen rock-hard kernels, a foot-long ear of modern maize can boast more than 500 chewable ones.