Programs

NIFA programs are the mechanism by which we pursue our mission to invest in and advance agricultural research, education, and extension to solve societal challenges. Some programs administer funding and offer leadership while others focus on national leadership and collaboration. For more information on a particular program, use the site’s search tool.

Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR)

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers competitively awarded grants to qualified small businesses to support high quality research related to important scientific problems and opportunities in agriculture that could lead to significant public benefits. The program stimulates technological innovations in the private sector and strengthens the role of federal research and development in support of small businesses. The SBIR program also fosters and encourages participation by women-owned and socially or economically disadvantaged small businesses.

Wildlife & Fish Programs

Wildlife and fish contribute to healthy ecosystems, provide income to landowners and businesses, and afford recreational and aesthetic benefits to society. Each year, more than 80 million Americans fish, hunt, or watch wildlife. Some wildlife can pose problems to society, causing on average $1 billion in damage to American agriculture. NIFA programs seek to achieve a balance that sustains wildlife populations while minimizing wildlife impacts on human endeavors through research, education, and extension.

Organic Agriculture Program

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture's Organic Agriculture programs cover the entire value-chain of organic products and include both food and non-food products.

Sustainable Development Programs

NIFA aims to incorporate sustainability concepts and principles into the policies, practices, and programs of the Land-Grant University System so that everyone may benefit from sound sustainable development in the United States.

Manure & Nutrient Management Programs

Manure is a valuable source of plant nutrients but also a potential pollutant. Proper management of nutrients from commercial fertilizers and organic sources is important to protect our environment and to have economically and environmentally sustainable livestock operations. NIFA works with government agencies and commodity and public organizations that conduct research and carry out extension and education programs to manage manure and plant nutrients.

Forests Programs

Forests cover nearly 1/3 of the United States and are economically, socially, and ecologically important to individuals and communities. The sustainability of the renewable resources forests provide continues to remain a key priority at NIFA. Forest programs expand the knowledge of forest ecosystems, train future forestry professionals, and put research-based management practices into action.

Plant Breeding, Genetics & Genomics Programs

NIFA provides leadership and coordination for national genomics research, supports plant breeding through multi-state efforts to identify critical needs, and helps focus federal research dollars on cutting-edge plant improvement for human and animal health, food security, sustainable production, and bioenergy.

Horticulture Programs

NIFA, through federal funding and program leadership, sustains cutting-edge horticultural research, education, and extension at our partner colleges and universities.