Factsheets

Resources for Promoting Civility and Civil Discourse

The following resources include existing programs and resources developed through both Cooperative Extension and also other organizations.

Uniform Guidance Equipment Fact Sheet

This Fact Sheet outlines the capacity grantee prior approval for equipment requirements as well as the equipment management, use, and disposition requirements contained in the Uniform Guidance and implemented by NIFA.

Uniform Guidance Fact Sheet

The following fact sheet has been developed to share with our stakeholders. It provides background and overview information for the Office of Management and Budget's Uniform Guidance.

Grants Modernization and the new ezFedGrants System

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) is launching a grants modernization initiative to streamline the agency’s grant application and award process. This business transformation initiative will result in increased efficiency and reduced costs (in system maintenance and staff time) for NIFA grantees and staff. NIFA will use a new system, ezFedGrants, to support this initiative. Several USDA agencies use this grants and financial management system.

Essential Elements of 4-H

The Essential Elements of 4-H focus on the social, physical, and emotional well-being, and are necessary for positive youth development.

Division of Youth and 4-H Factsheet

he Division of youth and 4-H (DY4-H) strengthens and promotes healthy youth development to give young people the capacity to act as responsible citizens and agents of community change.

Bacterial Spot of Tomato

Fresh market and processing tomatoes are an important segment of the U.S. agricultural economy grossing over $2.5 billion in 2008 with significant acreage in 16 states (NASS, 2009). Bacterial spot of tomato and pepper is a serious challenge in commercial production fields. U.S. growers faced with limited efficacy of current disease management strategies, increasing production costs, no significant improvement in yield, and increasing foreign competition, cannot continue to commit additional resources towards bacterial spot management without some assurance of a return in improved yields.

Plum Pox Virus

Plum pox virus (PPV) is an invasive pest species that causes plum pox, the most devastating viral disease of stone fruit species. PPV first appeared in the United States in Pennsylvania in October 1999 and then New York and Michigan in July 2006. It was also discovered in Ontario, Canada in June 2000. The virus reduces fruit yield, marketability, and shortens the productive lifespan of orchards. Its economic impact is estimated to be several million dollars in the United States.

Citrus Greening - Huanglongbing (HLB)

Citrus greening or Huanglongbing (HLB) is a devastating disease of citrus worldwide (Gottwald et al., 2007). HLB is particularly devastating because of its severe yield reduction in citrus trees followed by tree decline, the absence of resistant citrus varieties, and the limited control measures to prevent disease progression and pathogen spread by the vector, Asian citrus psyllid (ACP, Diaphorina citri). At its current rate of spread and impact on the economics of citrus production, HLB could destroy the US citrus industry in our lifetimes. With current management technology, early detection is critical to the rapid response needed to slow the spread of the disease.

Boxwood Blight

Imagine this scene: You are outside of your home admiring a healthy and vibrant planting of boxwood that is a central part of your landscape. You notice a few leaves with brown spots, but nothing that appears overly abnormal. Over the next few weeks, the weather turns cool and rainy. When you look at the plants again you see that the few brown leaves have exploded into a rapidly moving blight that has consumed much of the plant. By the end of the summer your boxwood plants are dead. What has happened? And, more importantly, why has this happened?