Wheat blast is a relatively new disease of wheat caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae Triticum pathotype (MoT). It was first reported in Brazil in 1985 and has become locally important in Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay since its emergence. In 2009, the dual wheat blast and Fusarium head scab epidemics in Brazil were estimated to have lowered the national wheat output by 30%. The South American (SA) strains of MoT are genetically diverse as evident in variable disease phenotypes on SA wheat genotypes. In 2012, wheat blast was reported on a single wheat plant in a research plot in Kentucky. Comparative genomic analysis of the Kentucky strain with an SA strain indicated that they emerged from different M. oryzae populations. The Kentucky strain most likely emerged in Kentucky from the gray leaf spot pathogen of annual ryegrass and was not introduced from SA. The SA strain appears to have emerged from wild grass populations of M. oryzae in SA.
Facet Searching for Project and Financial Details in Enterprise Search
The NIFA Data Gateway and the Search page of the Leadership Management Dashboard (LMD) use the Apache Lucene syntax for text searching. This basic guide provides instructions about how to use this syntax to search specific fields, or facets, for projects of interest.
Limited English Proficiency
The Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Implementation Strategy of the U.S. Department of Justice and Untied States Department of Agriculture Guidance sets forth the recommended strategy and step-by-step procedures for ensuring that persons with Limited English proficiency (LEP) have meaningful access to programs and activities receiving Federal financial assistance from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). It provides technical assistance to help recipients and sub-recipients implement USDA's Guidance to Federal Financial Assistance Recipients Regarding the Title VI Prohibition Against National Origin Discrimination Affecting Persons With Limited English Proficiency and to come into and maintain compliance with LEP requirements.
VMLRP Shortage Allocations
The Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program (VMLRP) allows each state to nominate a set number of Veterinarian Shortage Situations each year. The VMLRP Allocation Table provides the maximum number of shortages each state can nominate per year.
VMLRP Applicant Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
VMLRP Applicant FAQs provide answers to the most commonly asked questions from applicants on the program, eligibility, qualifying loans, qualifying service and shortage situations.
AFRI Resilient Agroecosystems in a Changing Climate
In FY 2017, the AFRI Resilient Agroecosystems in a Changing Climate Challenge Area (RACC) will invest in one priority area, Climate, Land Use, and Land Management. Through these investments, NIFA will support projects that develop a greater understanding of underlying processes, drivers and climate on sustainability consequences of land use and land management, including bio-physical and biogeochemical processes, climate feedbacks and environmental outcomes, the agroecological impacts, and how social, behavioral, economic factors affect land management decisions.
AFRI Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts A6131 Education Priority Requirements
AFRI Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts Challenge Area CAP Project Requirements for Education Priority Area: Investing in America’s Scientific Corps: Preparing a New Generation of Students, Faculty, and Workforce for Emerging Challenges and Opportunities in Bioenergy, Bioproducts, and the Bioeconomy (A6131).
BFRDP Checklist for FY2017 Applications
Checklist for FY2017 Applications
Annual REEport Financial and Progress-Final Report Request Nov2015
Request for submission of Annual Financial and Progress reports for FY2015.
Annual REEport Financial and Progress-Final Report Request
Request for submission of Annual Financial and Progress reports for FY2016