North Carolina

Microbial Control of Insect Pests

While many insects are important to agriculture and society, some are serious pests that harm crops, livestock, humans, and the environment. The damage they inflict and resources to control them cost the United States over $120 billion each year.

Attack of the Listeria Clones

The North Carolina State University team found that despite L. monocytogenes being ubiquitous in the environment, certain serotype 4b clones acquired unique genetic determinants associated with hypervirulence.

Mucosal Environment of Older Pigs Helps Newborn Piglets with Intestinal Injury Recover

Researchers from North Carolina State University (NC State) have found that the intestinal mucosal environment of juvenile pigs can stimulate repair of intestinal injuries in newborn piglets. The findings have implications both for understanding why newborns of many species – including humans – are unable to repair these injuries on their own, as well as for potential future treatments.

Urban Environments Reduce Honey Bee Survival

A North Carolina State University project found that urban environments increase pathogen abundance in honey bees and reduce honey bee survival. NIFA originally published this impact in the NIFA 2015 Annual Report.

EFNEP Provides Nutrition Education to Low-Income Families

NIFA’s Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) provides nutrition education to low-income families, especially those with young children. NIFA originally published this impact in the 2015 Annual Report.

A Team of Researchers Have Discovered How Noroviruses Contaminate Fresh Produce

Human noroviruses cause more than five million cases of foodborne disease every year, more than any other pathogen including Escherichia coli and Salmonella. A team of researchers, led by North Carolina State University, have discovered how noroviruses contaminate fresh produce, such as lettuce and kale. NIFA originally published this impact in the 2015 Annual Report.

Enhancing a Food Safety Culture in Farmers' Market

If the growth trend continues, there will be 10,000 farmers’ markets in the United States by 2020. NIFA originally published this impact in the 2017 Annual Report.

Food Safety, Nutrition, and Health

Scientists have discovered a way to remove up to 98 percent of the allergens from peanuts. NIFA originally published this impact in the 2015 Annual Report.

Swine Health May Shed Light on Human Lung Disease

North Carolina A&T University researchers found that long-term exposure to contaminants in animal production facilities contributes to respiratory diseases among agricultural workers, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). NIFA originally published this impact in the NIFA 2017 Annual Report.

Delivering a Hard Blow Against Norovirus

In 2016, NoroCORE team members at the Baylor College of Medicine announced that they had successfully cultured the human norovirus in intestinal cells.